Portia

Reflective piece on Speculative Design Project

Speculative everything

In my opinion, while resolving design problems, designers should always aim to look at the bigger picture and ask additional questions. I think speculative design is one of the design methods that every designer should learn how to perform, especially when trying to tackle big societal issues using design practices and systems.

 

Anthony Dunne's statement above explains speculative design in the neatest way possible, saying how this methodology should be practiced as there were neither technology or culture limitations, while imagining all the possible outcomes. But still, speculative design is treated as a black sheep, with an excuse that it mirrors disruption and builds concepts around things that don't exist.

 

On the other side, I look at it in a different way. This project helped me to see the speculative design as a tool which will tickle my brain, help me to think outside the box, and possibly help me to find the hidden, bigger problem waiting to be solved. Also, when we think of a software and its journey from day 1 until the last day, when the product is delivered, it often takes more than 2 years until it is launched. And in 2 years, technology can advance a lot, become more sophisticated, smarter, and more user focused. We should keep those things in mind and think of the benefits and traps that the future can bring.

 

During this project, I learned how everyone's vision of the future is different. Depending on the experience each one of us in the group had, we had different visions on what is possible and what is plausible, but we managed to find the common language and agree on crucial things, such as the overall solution of the project. It was difficult to deliver all the work when all of us had Christmas holidays and other commitments, but we managed to come up with a high quality video and a website explaining our product. All of this was possible because of Peter's existing knowledge in Google Web Designer (video), and Eoin's in building websites.

 

Portia Diving Mask

 

When it comes to the things we could have done better, one example would be to give better instructions on how our hardware works, and possibly even coming up with a prototype we can physically test. This could potentially be a diving mask with a UI we show in a video, which we could test and see how it would feel to actually use a Heads Up Display (HUD) such as this one. Even though we looked into Google Glass design principles, that wasn't enough, as there are more things to consider when designing for HUD such as the amount of the displayed content and how it would work underwater. We could have even shown the full working process of the UI, and how it works when synchronised with a diving computer (i.e. a watch) and an air tank.

Nevertheless, I think we did great work and our ability to work remotely and under pressure turned out to be a great advantage, because in the end we came up with a great product, and if we get any queries about it on our website, we can take the subsequent steps to build it.

 

References

Dunne, A., & Raby, F. (2014). Speculative everything: design, fiction, and social dreaming. S.l.: MIT.

Tran, T. H. (2019, April 8). Speculative design: 3 examples of design fiction. Retrieved January 17, 2020, from https://www.invisionapp.com/inside-design/speculative-design/

Principles  |  Glass Explorer Edition  |  Google Developers. (n.d.). Retrieved December 16, 2019, from https://developers.google.com/glass/design/principles

 

Links

Website

Video

Google Drive (materials)

Final Presentation Link

Interim Presentation Link

Figma worksheet

Early stage Freehand link

 


My experience with Interaction Design Foundation & 3 tips on how to stay focused while studying online

Interaction Design Foundation is a non-profit community founded in Denmark 17 years ago. I decided to become their member in July 2018, with a recommendation from a colleague who is also a UX designer, like me.

 

 

As a member I got a lot of benefits, such as:

- access to 32 free both beginner and advanced certified UX courses (accredited and recognised by LinkedIn, Adobe, etc.)

- an access to IDF community and a chance to connect with other designers, UX professionals and managers

- information about the most important UX events worldwide

When I signed up, first thing I wanted to do was to check the courses they had. I faced the first problem here because I didn’t know what to choose because I liked too many things! Eventually, I decided to enroll for Mobile User Experience (UX) Design and Emotional Design — How to Make Products People Will Love and study both courses at the same time.

What’s also worth mentioning is that at the same time my office location was moved on the other part of the city. This meant I had to commute every morning for 40 min, so I decided to use this time for studying because my evening free hours free busy with classes on college I had after work. As much as I could take this change in my life as a bad one, I decided to use the maximum of my time, and in return I got a lot!

I particularly liked mini quizzes at the end of each lesson, which is there to ensure that you are keeping up and not just skimming through the text or videos, which is great! The questions become more complex as the course progresses, and their score increases.

One more thing I saw on IDF  and nowhere else are open-ended questions, graded in-person by experts. After you're graded, you also get a proper feedback based on the answer you submitted. IDF doesn’t offer to mentor for each course, but you have the full online support of their community.

When you reach 70% of the course completion, you can retrieve the certificate straight away and post on your LinkedIn profile. But, you can also try to continue with studying and if you achieve more than 90% — you’ll get a Top 10 in a Class note on your certificate which is really cool.

 

Impact of IDF in my career and life

I was so excited when I got my first certificate and published it on my LinkedIn profile, but even more when I started to receive a lot of various UX job offers. Seemed that the recruiters know and appreciate when they see IDF certificates, so they continued to contact me even more often when I added all 4 certificates.

After finishing the course for Conducting Usability Testing, I decided to apply the learnings and reuse the scripts, pre-test and post-test questionnaires when doing testing at my work. It turned out great, and I got some good and valuable feedback afterwards.

 

 

Emotional Design — How to Make Products People Will Love course widened my knowledge in UX, but I also got great knowledge of psychology as well. It’s great to have a big picture of how things work and how with a certain design we can affect and manipulate human behaviour.

 

 

Courses in Mobile User Experience (UX) Design and The Ultimate Guide to Visual Perception and Design teach me some important UX rules about the priorities of the elements and content we put on UI, and how with colours and visuals can impact both users’ decisions and entire look and feel of the site or the mobile app.

 

3 tips on how to stay focused while learning online

 

  1. How I did it? I read 2–4 chapters every morning and it took me 10–20 min to finish them. Amazing, right? 20 min every day changed my life, my career and my approach to work. I became more confident about the things I do and I enjoyed my day-to-day tasks a lot more than before!
  2. Worked for me, don’t know if it will work for everyone.. I enrolled for 2 courses at once, so I can change. For example, I can choose — whether I prefer to do the Mobile UX of Visual Design. And at the end of the road, I got 2 certificates instead of one :)
  3. Even if you’ll feel overwhelmed sometimes, don’t worry. Take a break and continue when you want. That’s the power of a self-paced course — you can sign up for one or more courses at once and read anytime you want. And the best thing is — the content will always be available to you, even when you finish it!

4 – Reflection

Critical analysis

This project gave me an opportunity to dig deeper into inclusive design and reveal all the various methods we can use to adapt our design to suit all users. It also made me feel eager to create the products designed for the wider audience, products that solve human needs and improve people's lives.

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oQGoSgh8p2s

Final prototype - video

 

I also got the chance to implement the complete design system from scratch. I understood the design patterns and how they can align with people's mental models, with a goal to be understood intuitively. I understood the importance of testing the right audience, and how thinking outside the box (in this case widening the usage of the app to the tablet as well) can lead to a good solution that users will like.

Phone - Tablet
Phone -> Tablet projection

Strengths & Weaknesses

The main strength of this exercise was that it proved how, when design principles are applied accordingly, every challenge and user need can be tackled and resolved. The first step leading to this would be just realising how disabilities can come in more shapes, and how, depending on the context, each person can be in a position of a disabled person. Having that in mind, pointing our design decisions smarter can bring us to deliver the product for a wider audience.

The main weakness in this project was the usability testing, which was extremely difficult to conduct because of the ethics. Even though it was impossible to find a person with dementia, I managed to get a second opinion from the target user group. The interview I did in the nursery home in Leopardstown helped me to emphasise with the carers and to realise and highlight the most and least used functionalities the carers would use in the app.

Other weakness in my case is a too-wide scope, and my stubbornness to make it narrow and focus on less things. Even though I wanted to solve just one problem, more and more challenges appeared and I didn't want to exclude certain functionalities from the app, such as carer help section. Because of the lack of the time, I didn't do a complete drill-down of all the listed categories in the app but the idea should hopefully be clear.

Changes & Future work

Even though this project is finished, I'm still planning to meet Deidre from Irish Dementia Society and have a chat with her about what else can be done in the app to help both carers and patients. I'll try to test my final prototype with her and hopefully get some answers.

Even though I think I need a special ethical approval if I want to test with a person with dementia, I would like to put myself in the challenge and try to find an alternative solution. I have to admit, this project got me interested in helping people with disabilities, and specially after reading a lot about carers and dementia-diagnosed patients, I realised how serious this is and there is not a lot of things that people do to help them.

This app can be used in nursery homes by carers, but also in patients home by carers and patients' family. I wouldn't limit it just on dementia patients, can be used as a help for any type of staff or a family member who handles a patient where the attention and knowledge of patient's routines is needed the most.


3 – Design development & application of design languages

Wireframes

First, I started with the carer UI where I originally had 4 menu categories:

  • Activity (showing the activities patient had when using a tablet (second UI))
  • Diary (containing personal info and patient routines)
  • Admin (place to manage the photos, music and games displayed on the tablet)
  • My Space (space for carer with breathing exercises, calming sounds etc)

Visual Design

 

Moodboard
Moodboard

The font I chose for this app is sans serif Aspira typeface and components from iOS UI Kit because of their well known, beautiful clear interface.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tZK0wK3DIAw

I read a lot about dementia and carers, but the information I got didn't seem enough. So I decided to contact some nursery homes and have a chat with a carer in a hope they will have answers on some of my questions.

I scheduled an appointment in a nursery home in Leopardstown, and had an interview there with QPSM (Quality and Patient Services Manager). She preferred to stay anonymous.

 

She gave me some handy advices on how to set the menu and which categories should be prioritised so they can be easily available to the carer. I also got some slides (Nursing Management of Insomnia & R.B) which helped me a lot with content I did in the app. After I did couple of tweaks my prototype looked like this:

Final proto
Click to view the final prototype in Figma

 

References

Apple Inc. (n.d.). IOS Human Interface Guidelines. Retrieved April 28, 2019, from https://developer.apple.com/design/human-interface-guidelines/

Aspira Font Family Typeface Story. (n.d.). Retrieved April 28, 2019, from https://www.fonts.com/font/durotype/aspira/story

Clark, J., & Clark, J. (2017, May 16). Using the Amazon Echo to improve the lives of Alzheimer's patients. Retrieved April 14, 2019, from https://medium.com/@JaysThoughts/using-the-amazon-echo-to-improve-the-lives-of-alzheimers-patients-f5727560a5eb

Jacobs, S. (2017, November 22). Four Basic Types of Meditation. Retrieved April 28, 2019, from https://meditationmag.com/how-to-meditate/four-basic-types-of-meditation/

Logan, B. (2016). Caregiver's Guide to Understanding Dementia Behaviors. Retrieved April 14, 2019, from https://www.caregiver.org/caregivers-guide-understanding-dementia-behaviors

Health, U. (2013, May 09). What is Dementia? | Dr. David B. Reuben - UCLA Alzheimer's and Dementia Care Program. Retrieved April 14, 2019, from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gIUEBXt0ako

Levi, A. (2017, January 31). Stressed Out? These 5 Relaxing Images Will Bring You Instant Calm. Retrieved April 28, 2019, from https://www.health.com/stress/relaxing-images-to-destress

Stein, T. (2018, June 18). 7 Tips for Creating Positive Mental Imagery. Retrieved April 28, 2019, from https://www.psychologytoday.com/us/blog/the-integrationist/201306/7-tips-creating-positive-mental-imagery

Stevenson, S. (2018, June 11). Dementia Care Dos and Don'ts: Dealing with Dementia. Retrieved April 28, 2019, from https://www.aplaceformom.com/blog/2013-02-08-dealing-with-dementia-behavior/